Noise-induced hearing loss is one of the common hearing problems among adults and elders. This condition is not only a result of aging but also a consequence of exposure to an environment with loud sounds. Although it is prevalent in adults, many teenagers of today are diagnosed with this condition. And one of the common injuries related to noise-induced hearing loss is acoustic trauma.
What is Acoustic Trauma?
Acoustic trauma is an injury of the inner ear. It is a condition caused by exposure to high-decibel sounds over a long period. Also, it can occur after exposure to a single burst of extremely loud noise.
Albeit acoustic trauma is associated with noise, studies show that some patients with this condition experienced head injuries that lead to a ruptured eardrum. Additionally, infection on the inner ear and other injuries can result in acoustic trauma.
How Does it Affect Hearing?
The eardrum serves as a protection of the middle ear and inner ear. Moreover, it is the eardrum that transmits signals to the brain in the form of small vibrations. Hence, a ruptured eardrum will leave the middle and inner ear vulnerable to loud noises.
Furthermore, the eardrums can no longer handle the vibrations. It leads to a threshold shift, wherein the sounds going into the inner ear is piercing. If untreated, the threshold shifts progress and leads to hearing loss.
Who is Prone to Acoustic Trauma?
Individuals who are constantly exposed to loud noises have a high risk of acoustic trauma. Examples of it are the following:
- Working with industrial equipment for extended hours (e.g. construction and aircraft marshal)
- Working or living where there are high-decibel sounds
- Going to events where there are loud noises
If your job involves working in a loud environment, chances are you might develop this condition in the future.
How to Prevent Acoustic Trauma?
Acoustic trauma can lead to complete hearing loss when not treated. And living without good hearing is not something you would want to experience. It limits your ability to function on a day to day activity. Likewise, you can no longer enjoy socializing with people and friends.
Tinnitus is the most important symptom of acoustic trauma. It is a type of ear injury that causes either a ringing or buzzing sounds in the ear. If you start showing this sign, immediately seek medical attention.
The treatment for this acoustic trauma depends on the intensity of the injury. The doctor will run some tests to determine your case. These tests involve how you would respond to different frequencies of sounds.
Therefore, minor cases are manageable and treated in a shorter period. Meanwhile, serious acoustic trauma will require several procedures and full medical attention.
The best solution to prevent any ear injury and noise-induced hearing loss is to protect your hearing. Always wear proper hearing protection such as earmuffs and earplugs. You can find these devices here on this site.
If you need more details about hearing devices, this source can help you. This will serve as your guide on how to keep your ears healthy and assure great hearing.